Improving Outcomes for Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System

Prepared For

The Annie E Casey Foundation


The excessive use of incarceration in the United States has not been confined to the adult system—youth in this country are both detained and incarcerated at alarmingly high rates. This overuse of juvenile confinement comes at great cost to the futures of affected youth. It is also detrimental to families and the well-being of their communities.

The Local Deep End Initiative aims to decrease the number of youth offenders placed outside of their homes in institutions, boot camps, residential treatment centers, and group homes. The initiative focuses on local systems change and state-level policy reform. It uses a data-driven approach to policy change that relies on coalition building, community engagement, and strategic planning to narrow the pipeline to incarceration for youth while improving racial and gender equity and enhancing service provision.

Mathematica helped the foundation through a developmental evaluation involving process and outcome analyses in 12 communities. Ultimately the goal is to improve outcomes for youth, enhance public safety, and achieve greater racial, ethnic, and gender equality. Our rigorous mixed-methods approach involves qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis, including:

  • In-person and follow-up telephone interviews with key stakeholders and system players
  • Web-based surveys with juvenile justice staff (probation officers and managers) to measure systems change over time
  • Analyses of outcomes employing administrative data
  • Interviews with community staff, foundation staff, and technical assistance providers on the foundation’s and the communities’ progress toward their goals and activities related to the initiative
  • Discussions with foundation staff about the evolution of the initiative and the technical assistance provided to communities  

Mathematica is partnering with the Urban Institute on this study. 

Related Staff

Todd Honeycutt

Todd Honeycutt

Senior Researcher

View Bio Page