Increasing Employer Responsibility for Disability Benefits: Analysis of an Approach to Social Security Disability Insurance Reform
- We found that the reform proposals would place a relatively large burden on low-wage firms with fewer than 500 workers.
- Firms with high potential liabilities face competing incentives to accommodate and retain or reduce hiring and retaining workers at high risk for medical problems.
- Although these proposals would likely reduce DI expenditures, they might have less desirable unintended consequences.
The declining economic status of people with disabilities and the predicted depletion of the Social Security (SS) Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund in 2016 have generated considerable interest in proposals for reforming the DI program. Some proposals would hold firms partially responsible for a portion of the DI benefits paid to their recent employees. We analyze the implications of this approach for employers and workers in general and specifically consider two prominent reform proposals: one that would require employers to carry short-term disability insurance and one that would apply an experience rating to the DI portion of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act premium. We find that both proposals would place a relatively large burden on the labor costs of many relatively small (fewer than 500 workers), low-wage firms. Firms with high potential liabilities might react by seeking to accommodate and retain workers with challenging medical conditions but might also reduce hiring or retaining workers at high risk for medical problems. Hence, although these proposals would likely reduce DI expenditures, they might have less desirable unintended consequences.