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Provision of Pre-Employment Transition Services: Vocational Rehabilitation Agency Variation in the First Program Year of Reporting
- Students with disabilities represented a substantial share of the people whom VR agencies serve.
- Students with disabilities received job exploration counseling and workplace readiness training more frequently than other required services.
- The variation across VR agencies shows that they are addressing pre-employment transition services differently in who receives them and how agencies deliver services.
- Important questions remain regarding pre-employment transition services, including the types of activities that make up each service, how students with disabilities benefit from receiving these services, and the effect of these services on agencies’ other client populations.
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) of 2014 requires that vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies offer pre-employment transition services to students with disabilities. The five required services are job exploration counseling, work-based learning experiences, counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary education programs, workplace readiness training, and instruction in self-advocacy. This brief presents statistics that document VR agencies’ implementation of pre-employment transition services in the first year that agencies reported on those services. These statistics are relevant to VR agency staff primarily to provide a baseline understanding of how VR agencies nationwide deliver pre-employment transition services. Though the intent of the brief is not to compare individual VR agencies, we offer detailed statistics at the agency level that enable administrators and staff at a VR agency see how other VR agencies deliver pre-employment transition services and compare those methods with their own.