The Millennium Villages Project: A Retrospective, Observational, Endline Evaluation

Publisher: The Lancet Global Health, vol. 6, no. 5
May 01, 2018
Shira Mitchell, Andrew Gelman, Rebecca Ross, Joyce Chen, Sehrish Bari, Uyen Kim Huynh, Matthew W. Harris, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Elizabeth A. Stuart, Avi Feller, Susanna Makela, Alan M. Zaslavsky, Lucy McClellan, Seth Ohemeng-Dapaah, Patricia Namakula, Cheryl A. Palm, and Jeffrey D. Sachs

Key Findings:

  • Averaged across the ten project sites, impact estimates for 30 of 40 outcomes were statistically significant (95% uncertainty intervals for these outcomes excluded zero) and favored the project villages.
  • The greatest effects were in agriculture and health, suggesting support for the project’s emphasis on agriculture and health systems strengthening.

In September 2000, world leaders at the United Nations Millennium Summit committed their nations to reducing extreme poverty and set targets, known as the Millennium Development Goals, with a deadline of 2015. The Millennium Villages Project was a 10-year, multisector, rural development project, initiated in 2005, operating across ten sites in ten sub-Saharan African countries to achieve these goals. The project implemented interventions in poverty, agriculture, nutrition, education, health, and infrastructure. In this journal article, the authors estimate the project's impact, target attainment, and on-site spending. The impact estimation uses retrospectively selected comparison villages that best matched the project villages on possible confounding variables.