Evaluation of the Teacher Incentive Fund: Implementation and Impacts of Pay-for-Performance After Three Years (Final Report)
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Evaluation
- In 10 evaluation districts that had implemented Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) programs for three years, pay-for-performance had small, positive impacts on students’ math and reading achievement.
- Few districts structured pay-for-performance bonuses to align well with TIF grant guidance.
- Many teachers misunderstood whether they were eligible for performance bonuses or the amount they could earn.