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Mathematica Evaluates How Nutrition Services Can Affect Older Adults' Health Outcomes
For many older adults, access to nutritious meals and other services provided through the Older Americans Act Nutrition Services Program can boost social connection, promote independence, and potentially improve health outcomes. Older adults who participate in congregate meals—group meals provided at a senior center or other community location—are less likely to be admitted into long-term care facilities or nursing homes compared with nonparticipating older adults, according to new research recently published by Mathematica.
This study, completed for the Administration for Community Living in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, revealed that congregate meal participants who lived alone were less likely than nonparticipants to have a hospital admission or emergency department visit that led to hospitalization. Mathematica also examined the impact of home-delivered meals, which are mainly targeted to homebound older adults. More research is necessary to better identify new individually tailored approaches that would improve outcomes for home-delivered meal participants.
Both program components provide participants with meals and additional services, such as nutrition counseling, to help meet the health needs of program participants. This study, the second in a series of reports, is part of an ongoing effort to refocus long-term care away from institutionalization and toward home and community-based services.
The Administration on Aging Nutrition Services Program Evaluation
The Administration for Community Living (ACL) was created around the fundamental principle that all people, regardless of age or disability, should be able to live independently and fully participate in their communities.
Elderly Nutrition Services Program Process Evaluation
To ensure that the Elderly Nutrition Services Program meets its goals, Mathematica is conducting an evaluation of program operations, cost of meals and associated services, and overall health and well-being of program participants.
Evaluation of the Effect of the Older Americans Act Title III-C Nutrition Services Program on Participants’ Health Care Utilization
Research shows that food insecure seniors suffer adverse health effects at a higher rate when compared with food secure seniors. This study presents findings on the effect that the Nutrition Services Program has on participants’ Medicare-funded health care utilization.
Nutritional Quality of Congregate and Home-Delivered Meals Offered in the Title III-C Nutrition Services Program: An Examination Utilizing the Healthy Eating Index Tool
The Nutrition Services Program (NSP), administered by the Administration on Aging within the Administration for Community Living, is designed to alleviate hunger and food insecurity among the elderly while also giving them the opportunity to enrich their social lives. The NSP aims to achieve these goals,...