Projects

Burkina Faso: Evaluation of the Agriculture Development Project

2016-2021

Project Overview

Objective

Evaluate the effectiveness of MCC’s Agriculture Development Project in Burkina Faso, which is designed to improve agricultural productivity and incomes among farmers, livestock holders, and other actors in the agriculture and livestock value chain.

Project Motivation

To understand the project’s effects on improved agricultural outcomes and land tenure security, both of which have been constrained in the past but are considered important to economic development.

Partners in Progress

  • Prime Minister’s Office
  • Millennium Challenge Account

Prepared For

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Mathematica is evaluating the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s (MCC’s) Agriculture Development Project (ADP) in Burkina Faso to understand the project’s effects on improved agricultural outcomes and land tenure security. 
The project included (1) the construction of an irrigated perimeter, known as the Di perimeter; (2) support for water management through technical assistance for integrated water resource management institutions, and support for local water user associations to improve management of irrigation perimeters in general; (3) training farmers, livestock holders, and other actors in the agriculture and livestock value chains; and (4) the rehabilitation of markets and the development of a market information system to collect and disseminate agricultural prices via mobile phones. Together, these activities make up the water management and irrigation (WMI) and diversified agriculture (DA) activities, which were designed to complement each other to increase agricultural productivity and income for beneficiaries. The WMI activity would guarantee reliable access to irrigation, and the DA activity would help farmers leverage this access into year-round farming so they can diversify into higher-value crops and obtain higher sales and profits. 

Given that the Di perimeter constituted the majority of MCC’s investment in the ADP, three of the evaluation components investigate different aspects of the construction and sustainability of the Di perimeter. First, the Di Lottery randomized controlled trial (RCT) leverages the land allocation lottery process to conduct an impact analysis of winning the Di Lottery. Second, the Di perimeter study assesses the effects of providing irrigated land on the perimeter as compensation for people displaced by the project and calculates the economic rate of return of the perimeter. Third, the final evaluation component investigates the ability of the new water-user associations to manage and maintain the perimeter infrastructure.

The evaluation will help build a better understanding of (1) the effects of investments in large-scale irrigation infrastructure on agricultural output and household incomes in Africa; (2) the effects of strengthening operations and management on the functioning of irrigated perimeters; and (3) the causal impact of receiving access to irrigated land on agricultural production, agricultural incomes, and household incomes. The Di Lottery RCT is a high-stakes RCT and the only such evaluation in which a subset of applicants received irrigated land. Since the lottery provided irrigated land to both men and women, we will be able to estimate the effects of providing land to females versus males.
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Project Scope

An Evaluation of MCC’s Investment

With an investment of USD 89M, the Burkina Faso Agriculture Development Project constructed a 2,240-hector irrigation perimeter with expectations of increasing agricultural productivity and  income for beneficiaries. Mathematica will evaluate the impact of the investment by analyzing:

  • The land allocation lottery process via a randomized control trial (RCT)
  • The effects of providing irrigated land as compensation for people displaced by the project
  • The ability of new water-user associations to manage the infrastructure
  • The effects of providing land to women versus men
 

Related Staff

Christopher Ksoll

Christopher Ksoll

Senior Researcher

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Randall Blair

Randall Blair

Associate Director

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Anthony D'Agostino

Anthony D'Agostino

Researcher

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