Declining Response Rates in Federal Surveys: Trends and Implications (Background Paper)
- A long-term decline in survey response rates has accelerated in recent years.
- The increase in nonresponse has been much greater in telephone surveys than in face-to-face surveys.
- Response rates are a poor predictor of nonresponse bias, which tends to be item-specific.
- Payment of incentives is the most effective strategy to increase response rates.
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