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The Effects of a Principal Professional Development Program Focused on Instructional Leadership (Study Highlights)
Helping principals improve their leadership practices is a common use of federal funds and one way to improve instruction and student achievement. This study sought to better understand the effectiveness of an intensive principal professional development program focused primarily on helping principals conduct structured observations of teachers’ classroom instruction and provide targeted feedback based on those observations. One hundred elementary schools participated in the study, with half randomly assigned to receive the program. The study compared student achievement and teachers’ perceptions of principals’ practices in schools that received the professional development program with those that did not. The results provide evidence about the program’s effectiveness and which principal practices are associated with student achievement.
- Principals’ practices did not change in ways intended by the program. Although the program was implemented as planned, principals did not increase the number of times they observed teachers. In fact, teachers whose principals received the professional development reported receiving less frequent instructional support and feedback than teachers whose principals did not receive the professional development. In addition, teachers whose principals received the program were no more likely to report positive perceptions of the usefulness of the feedback provided.
- The program did not improve students’ achievement. On average, students had similar achievement in English language arts and math whether they were in schools that received the principal professional development or not. Students in each group scored near the 40th percentile on their state assessments in each subject.