Reducing the Risk of Online Sales of WIC Infant Formula: An Assessment of State Agency Practices

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U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service

This study examined the sale of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) infant formula through online e-commerce websites. Although the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has not, to date, conducted any nationwide studies on the extent of these online sales, a 2014 General Accounting Office (GAO) report suggested that some formula is offered for sale online, despite program rules prohibiting as such. The GAO report proposed steps that the USDA could take to detect or prevent online sales. Mathematica is building upon GAO’s work to monitor e-commerce websites and provide insight into online sales of infant formula and sales of formula consistent with WIC-approved brands.

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Mary Kay Fox

Mary Kay Fox

Senior Fellow; Director of Nutrition Research

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