Early Care, Early Education, and Home Visiting in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities: Design Options for Assessing Early Childhood Needs
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
Providing high quality, culturally appropriate early childhood services across the prenatal to age 5 continuum is a critical policy and programmatic issue in the United States, notably among the American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) population, but scant data are available on the scope of the need for early childhood services or to accurately determine and document the unmet need in AI/AN communities. Toward the goal of informing a national needs assessment in AI/AN communities, three design topics of interest were identified.
- The three design topics are as follows: Design One will describe the population of AI/AN children and families and their participation in early childhood services based on existing data sources. To the extent possible, this design will provide a broad picture of the programs and providers serving AI/AN children and families at a national level.
- Design Two will study service organization and delivery systems in AI/AN communities, including the current number of children served and not served, workforce capacity, and cultural resources at the community level and will involve new data collection.
- Design Three will assess key features needed to support AI/AN communities’ capacity for conducting early childhood needs assessments at the community level and will involve new data collection.