Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review: Standards and Methods
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
The review process included four major activities:
- Conducting a systematic, broad literature search to identify relevant studies
- Screening studies to determine whether they met the criteria for being included in the review
- Assessing the strength of evidence in the studies
- Extracting data and presenting studies' key findings to the review's audiences
The Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review systematically reviewed the literature on the effectiveness of employment and training programs for low-income adults. Mathematica conducted the review for the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) in the Administration for Children and Families (ACF). The purpose of the review was:
To provide practitioners, policymakers, researchers, and the general public with a transparent and systematic assessment of the research evidence for effectiveness of programs designed to improve the employment-related outcomes of low-income adults.
This report outlines the standards and methods that governed the review, under four main activities: searching the literature, screening studies for eligibility, assessing each study’s strength of evidence, and extracting information reported in the studies.