Medicaid 1115 Demonstration Evaluation Design Plan
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Center for Medicaid and CHIP Services
Key Features of the Evaluation Design Plan:
- The plan sets forth a general, flexible approach that can accommodate a high level of variability across states and can be adjusted as the policy landscape changes.
- We will track implementation of demonstrations in two ways: (1) through data metrics that capture the current status of the demonstrations and can be used to monitor progress, and (2) through focused qualitative research on key implementation topics.
- The implementation analyses will inform the outcomes analyses in three ways—they will help in (1) interpreting results from the outcomes analyses, (2) identifying appropriate subgroup analyses or the selection and construction of outcomes measures, and (3) understanding which program features may be correlated with outcomes.
Medicaid section 1115 demonstration waivers offer states wide flexibility to test new approaches to administering Medicaid programs that depart from existing federal rules yet are consistent with the overall goals of the program. Section 1115 demonstrations offer many design choices for states to test, ranging from provider payment reforms, expanded coverage or cost sharing, and implementation of behavioral incentives, to delivery system reforms such as managed care. Although state approaches to section 1115 demonstrations vary, many demonstrations share the common goals of controlling costs while improving access and quality. Evaluating the degree to which each of these demonstrations achieves these and other goals, such as system transformation, as well as the links between program characteristics and program results, is critical to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) because the experiences and results will provide the federal government and states with evidence to inform policy at all levels and improve future section 1115 demonstrations.
In September 2014, CMS contracted with Mathematica Policy Research and its partners, Truven Health Analytics and the Center for Health Care Strategies, to conduct a national, cross-state evaluation of four types of Medicaid section 1115 demonstration waivers: (1) delivery system reform incentive payments (DSRIP), (2) premium assistance for Medicaid expansions, (3) beneficiary engagement/premium payments, and (4) MLTSS. This contract, which is projected to be ongoing through federal fiscal year 2019, will track the general performance of the demonstrations and evaluate demonstration impacts and outcomes. Results of the evaluation will be presented in periodic rapid-cycle reports, as well as in interim and final evaluation reports. The work also will include detailed assessments of data sources and state-led monitoring, evaluation, and diffusion or replication activities. This report lays out the general design and approach of the evaluation of these demonstrations.