The Labor Market Consequences of Receiving Disability Benefits During Childhood
- The Zebley decision made it easier for children with mental disabilities to qualify for SSI benefits.
- Children with mental disabilities who were younger when the decision occurred received benefits for a longer period of time in childhood.
- These children have lower earnings as adults, with cumulative earnings between ages 18 and 30 as much as $30,000 lower for children who were 10 when the decision occurred.
- Some of this impact may be driven by higher SSI receipt as adults, however total income, measured by adding SSI benefit receipt to total labor market earnings, is still substantially lower for children who received SSI for the longest in childhood.
Follow the Evidence
Interested in the most current findings from Mathematica? Subscribe to our bi-weekly newsletter, Evidence & Insights, to stay up to date with the issues that matter to you.Sign Me Up