Vaccine Acceptance and Uptake: Cross-Sectional Survey of Black and Latinx Communities Experiencing Poverty in New Jersey
- The majority of respondents had confidence in the effectiveness of and protection offered through vaccination.
- Community members using and living near food pantries had more concerns about the safety of the COVID-19 vaccine than SMG patients.
- Community members using and living near food pantries had more concerns about accessibility to the COVID-19 vaccine than SMG patients.
- Health care providers serve as a trusted messenger about COVID-19 vaccination with CDC and family and friends as other influential and trusted voices.
From January 26 to April 2, 2021 Summit Medical Group Foundation (SMGF) funded a survey to understand COVID- 19 vaccine attitudes and uptake among residents of Black and Latinx communities in New Jersey – communities experiencing poverty and disproportionately impacted by the virus.
Survey data showed that concerns about the vaccine’s side effects among Black and Latinx people and barriers to access in their communities could be driving inequities in vaccination uptake. Those saying they “probably” would or would not get the vaccine might be most influenced through messaging and infrastructure supports to assist with accessing the vaccine. This suggest that messages addressing concerns about the long-term effects of the vaccine, that the vaccine was developed too quickly, and that the vaccine could interact with other health conditions could have greater impact in Black and Latinx communities and further vaccination equity.
Survey respondents included, 531 community members frequenting and living near SMGF partner food pantries, 465 patients at Summit Medical Group facilities, and 72 residents of Paterson and Jersey City who received electronic flyers.