Advancing Local Dairy Development in Nigeria

2020 – 2024

Project Overview


To evaluate the Advancing Local Dairy Development in Nigeria (ALDDN) program, which aims to connect dairy processors with dairy farmers and improve dairy farmers’ access to fodder, water, and animal health services.

Project Motivation

The Gates Foundation posits that livestock productivity empowers women and improves income and food security for smallholder farmers. Our evaluation will test this assumption in Nigeria.

Partners in Progress

IPSOS Group S.A.

Prepared For

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Removing key constraints in access to input markets and connecting dairy farmers to local processors has the potential to increase productivity and returns, yielding large gains in terms of poverty alleviation for smallholder farmers. 

Woman milking cow by Hasinah Harunah

Hausa woman in Kano State milks a cow.

The dairy sector in Nigeria remains largely underdeveloped because of widespread constraints that inhibit farmers and dairy processors. Smallholder dairy farmers in Nigeria, most of whom are pastoralists, have limited access to water, feed, fodder, vaccines, artificial insemination, and infrastructure. These factors, combined with minimal training on productivity-increasing and hygienic dairy practices, result in extremely low productivity and poor-quality milk, with pastoralist farmers in Nigeria realizing low milk yields. Processors, in turn, confront an inconsistent and inadequate supply of low-quality milk. At the same time, processors have access to imported powdered milk that is substantially less expensive, further disincentivizing them from sourcing milk locally and investing in Nigeria’s dairy value chain. 

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has invested in the Advancing Local Dairy Development in Nigeria (ALDDN) program to catalyze the local dairy sector in Nigeria. The ALDDN investment, which Sahel Consulting and its partners are implementing from 2020 to 2024, aims to catalyze the local dairy sector with a processor-led and inclusive dairy development effort. ALDDN seeks to improve the productivity and livelihoods (mainly income) of smallholder dairy farmers, promote women’s empowerment, and increase the dietary diversity of households to improve nutrition. Mathematica is conducting an external evaluation of the ALDDN program to assess its impact on the livelihoods of smallholder dairy farmers and its impact on women’s empowerment. The evaluation will generate lessons about a private sector-focused approach to achieving dairy development and empowering women.

Related Staff

Tulika A. Narayan

Tulika A. Narayan

Director, Food Security and Agriculture

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Esteban J. Quiñones

Esteban J. Quiñones


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Edith Felix

Edith Felix

Research Analyst

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