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Market Signals: Evidence on the Determinants and Consequences of School Choice from a Citywide Lottery
- Parents trade off school demographics and academic performance with distance when choosing schools.
- Parents tend to prefer schools where their children have at least some peers of the same race or ethnicity, but some parents also prefer a diverse school to a homogeneous one.
- Preferences vary by race, income, and grade level.
- Simulations suggest that parent preferences, if allowed to dominate school assignment (with no capacity constraints), translate into more racial and economic integration and higher enrollment in high-performing schools.
Market Signals: A Deep-Dive Analysis of Parental School Choice in Washington, DC
The Walton Family Foundation