A National Portrait of Unlisted Home-Based Child Care Providers: The Communities Where Providers Live
- Compared to other HBCC providers, more unlisted, unpaid providers lived in communities that were rural, had more green space, were less walkable, and had fewer CCEE centers. On average, unlisted, unpaid providers also lived in communities with fewer immigrants, households that spoke a non-English language, and residents who were Hispanic/Latino/a.
- Unlisted, paid providers lived in communities with greater proportions of Black, non-Hispanic residents. Unlisted, paid providers also lived in communities with the highest poverty rates, highest housing vacancy rates, lowest rates of homeownership, the least access to healthy foods, and the highest concentrations of industrial pollutants.
- Among unlisted providers generally, those who identified as Black, non-Hispanic more often lived in higher poverty communities posing systemic barriers to stable employment, safe housing, healthy food, and clean environments compared to those of other races and ethnicities.
Home-based child care (HBCC) providers—those who provide at-home, nonparental child care—include listed providers, and unlisted providers who do and do not receive payment. Unlisted providers make up 94 percent of the HBCC provider workforce and serve more than 98 percent of all children who receive care in HBCC settings. Yet, research on HBCC lags behind research on center-based child care and early education (CCEE), and the least is known about unlisted providers.
A series of four analysis briefs uses infographics to present a national portrait of unlisted HBCC providers from the 2019 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE). The findings can be used to inform supports for unlisted HBCC providers, to guide outreach and engagement of HBCC providers, and to shape future research to better understand unlisted HBCC providers. This brief focuses on describing the characteristics of the communities in which unlisted HBCC providers live and, for many, where they typically care for children.