Professional Development Tools to Improve the Quality of Infant and Toddler Care: A Review of the Literature (Snapshot)
We Grow Together: The Professional Development Tools for Improving Quality for Infant and Toddler Care
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
- Few studies focus on caregivers in infant/toddler or home-based settings, but the broader literature discusses tools and approaches useful for these two groups. In addition, most tools/approaches and strategies have not been studied in isolation and instead are typically bundled together.
- Ongoing PD efforts can be more effective at sustaining caregiver or child outcomes than one-time PD approaches. More intensive delivery has the strongest evidence of effectiveness.
- The available literature points to a range of effective PD strategies, including positive provider-caregiver relationships, the active participation of caregivers in PD efforts, and performance feedback. Using a combination of strategies may foster better caregiver outcomes.
- Online tools are a cost-effective and successful approach to providing PD, particularly for caregivers in more isolated settings. They can provide collegial support for caregivers who are geographically or socially isolated, such as those in rural areas and home-based settings.
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