Updates to the Autism Intervention Research Network on Physical Health (AIR-P) Research Agenda

Updates to the Autism Intervention Research Network on Physical Health (AIR-P) Research Agenda

Published: Aug 30, 2023
Publisher: Cureus (online ahead of print)

Emily Hotez

Madeline Haley

Julian A. Martinez-Agosto

Jeffrey Anderson

Heather Brown

Kristen Choi

Lisa A. Croen

Patrick Dwyer

Priyanka Fernandes

Dena Gassner

Morénike Giwa Onaiwu

Candace M. Gragnani

Laura Graham Holmes

Steven Kapp

Dana Kim

Maria Massolo

Brianna Montgomery

Heini M. Natri

Julianna A. Rava

Kashia A. Rosenau

Jeffrey Roth

Dawn Rudolph

Jackie G. Ryan

Lindsay Shea

Zachary J. Williams

Rujuta B. Wilson

Alice Kuo


Autistic individuals, now representing one in 36 individuals in the U.S., experience disproportionate physical health challenges relative to non-autistic individuals. The Health Resources and Services Administration's (HRSA) Autism Intervention Research Network on Physical Health (AIR-P) is an interdisciplinary, multi-center Research Network that aims to increase the health, well-being, and quality of life of autistic individuals. The current paper builds on the initial AIR-P Research Agenda (proposed in Year 1) and provides an updated vision for the Network.


Updates to the Research Agenda were made via the administration of a Qualtrics survey, and disseminated widely to all AIR-P entities, including the Research Node Leaders, Steering Committee, Autistic Researcher Review Board, and collaborating academic and non-academic entities. Network members were tasked with evaluating the Year 1 Research Agenda and proposing additional priorities.


Within each Research Node, all Year 1 priorities were endorsed as continued priorities for research on autism and physical health. Specific topics, including co-occurring conditions and self-determination, advocacy, and decision-making, were particularly endorsed. Opportunities for exploratory studies and intervention research were identified across Research Nodes. Qualitative responses providing feedback on additional research priorities were collected.


The updated AIR-P Research Agenda represents an important step toward enacting large-scale health promotion efforts for autistic individuals across the lifespan. This updated agenda builds on efforts to catalyze autism research in historically underrepresented topic areas while adopting a neurodiversity-oriented approach to health promotion.

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