Air Tutors’ Online Tutoring: Math Knowledge Impacts and Participant Math Perceptions

Air Tutors’ Online Tutoring: Math Knowledge Impacts and Participant Math Perceptions

Published: Mar 16, 2023
Publisher: Mathematica
Associated Project

Evaluating the Development of Middle Years Math Teaching and Learning Solutions

Time frame: 2018 - 2023

Prepared for:

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Key Findings
  • Students who participated in Air Tutors tutoring achieved higher scores on a standardized math knowledge assessment than control group students.
  • Students who participated in Air Tutors reported positive relationships with their tutors, a high sense of belonging in their tutoring sessions, and increased math confidence over the course of the program.
  • Student attendance was higher at sites where tutoring took place during the school day and lower at sites where tutoring occurred after school.

Air Tutors is an online tutoring organization that provides live one-on-one and small group tutoring for K–12 students with high-quality paid tutors. This study used a randomized controlled trial to measure the impact of Air Tutors math tutoring on 4th-, 5th-, and 6th-grade students’ math achievement in three schools: a K-12 online school and an elementary school and middle school in Texas. The study also collected attendance data and measured changes in student math confidence, sense of belonging, and tutor-student relationships through a survey to students participating in tutoring. Two hundred and seventy-six treatment and control students had complete NWEA Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) math achievement data, and 105 treatment students had complete survey data. We found that students participating in Air Tutors received MAP scores that were 0.13 standard deviations higher than control students, and attendance was higher for tutoring programs held during the school day. In addition, 88 percent of Air Tutors students who responded to the survey reported strong relationships with their tutors, and on average, students’ reported math confidence improved from the beginning to the end of their tutoring. This report is one in a series of six reports on math tutoring programs. The report is based on research funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The findings and conclusions contained within are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

How do you apply evidence?

Take our quick four-question survey to help us curate evidence and insights that serve you.

Take our survey