Patient and Provider Perspectives on Shared Decision Making: A Systematic Review of the Peer-Reviewed Literature
For comparative effectiveness research to be effective, patients and providers must collaborate in shared decision making (SDM) to make evidence-based clinical decisions that align with patient preferences. We conducted a systematic review to examine patient and provider attitudes toward and engagement in SDM in the USA. Searches in PubMed and PsycINFO identified 1585 articles published between July 2006 and December 2016, of which 290 were screened in for coding and analysis. We found that patients and providers have generally positive attitudes toward SDM, but actual engagement in SDM behavior is lagging. Translation of positive attitudes into behavior could be achieved through policies that support key SDM processes of sharing evidence, considering patient preferences and discussing the relative advantages of different clinical options.